By Ahmed Abdi,
THE Somali Nation has been indigenous in Eastern Africa for thousands of years as attest Egyptian Hieroglyphic, Ancient Greek, Latin and Arabic historical sources.
For the Somali Nation, today’s divisions and hardships are basically due to the nefarious colonial presence and division of the national Somali territory. The English colonized the North around Berbera, the French controlled the African coastland of the Red Sea straits Bab el Mandeb, and the Italians controlled most of the East, part of the Central regions, and the South of Somalia. In addition, the English who controlled the region of the lakes and of Mt. Kenya put under control the extreme South of Somalia, which belongs today to the colonially fabricated pseudo-nation of Kenya, and exerted a nominal control over Somalia’s Central and Western regions that have been inhabited by the Ogadeni Somalis.
Somalis accepted Islam without any war or invasion, naval battle or enforcement. Islam arrived peacefully mainly from Yemen already in the 1st c. of Hijra chronology. Depending on the Islamic Caliphate (based successively in Damascus, Baghdad, Cairo and Istanbul), the Somalis formed different sizeable, powerful, and wealthy sultanates that were well versed in trade and navigation across the Indian Ocean.
In the 14th – 16th c., the most powerful northern Somali sultanate was that of Adal that prospered in peace and economic cooperation with various states and sultanates across the Indian Ocean. The wealth and the prosperity of Adal were the reason the poor, uncivilized and barbaric tribes of Abyssinia started attacking and looting parts of the Adal sultanate that were close to their territory which was limited in today’s northernmost confines of the colonial state of Ethiopia. The arid nature of that mountainous region had turned the Abyssinian tribes into bestial beings, rogue thugs, and unashamed raw meat eaters.
In the ensuing wars, the Great Emperor Ahmed ibn Ibrahim, who has been known among Somalis rather as Gurey (left-handed), fully dispersed the barbaric armies of thugs and destroyed their cities and capitals. Erring in the arid mountains, the Abyssinians decided to play the Christians and contact the Portuguese navy that trying to establish a firm foothold in different parts of the Eastern African coasts and exploit the regions by subduing the Africans. As pure traitors and renegades of Africa, the Abyssinians called the Portuguese to attack the Somali Emperor, thus leading to the first anti-colonial wars fought on African territory. Through ruse the Portuguese managed to assassinate the Emperor but they failed to control any Somali territory; their colonial outposts were in Mombasa and in the area of Mozambique whereas the formidable sultanates of Adal, Majerteen and Ajuraan did not allow colonials to set foot on Somali territory.
The Somali Nation was actually one of the last to be colonized and in 1960 the Somalis emerged as a remarkable African nation, although several Somali territories were left under colonial control (the French-controlled Djibouti, the English-controlled Somali parts of Kenya, and Ogaden, which was given by the English to the Abyssinian tribal chief Haile Selassie via a very shameful agreement).
As a strong nation with a deeply embedded identity, strong cultural traditions, and a remarkable portion of the common African Heritage, Independent Somalia helped many African nations emancipate and achieve national independence and self-determination, thus angering the colonial powers, England and France, and the neocolonial part of the US elite who viewed in Somalia a mighty opponent in their evil plans of neo-colonizing the Black Continent. The alliance made between President Abdirashed Sharmarke and the illustrious American President J. F. Kennedy deeply disturbed the vicious lobbies that devised all possible plots against the African nations in their totality.
It was only normal for Somalia to try to bring all Somalis under one central national government and to outmaneuver the heinous attitude and the schemes, the armed attacks and the ceaseless bulling of the colonial state of Abyssinia which was fallaciously re-baptized as ‘Ethiopia’, thus using a name that historically does not belong to them.
Already the colonial state of Abyssinia should have never existed and the moment it will be ultimately destroyed and irrevocably buried will be a time of joy and liberation for the 12 nations that along with the Ogadeni Somalis have been subjugated and persecuted for more than 100 years by the Abyssinians (with the help of the English and the French, and more recently of the Americans), namely the Oromos, the Sidamas, the Afars, the Kaffas, the Kambaatas, the Shekachos, the Wolayitas, the Gedeos, the Hadiyas, the Agaws, the Bertas, the Gumuz.
In 1977, the Somali army crushed the Abyssinian forces and liberated Ogaden. They were advancing to liberate Finfinnee, the old Oromo capital city that the Abyssinians, after invading it, renamed as Addis Abeba, when the bloodthirsty Amhara Communist dictator Mengistu Haile Merriam asked the help of the Soviet Union. The colonial powers of England and France and the colonial lobby of Washington D.C. that used to be so much vexed with the USSR agreed this time with Moscow and Havana in order to destroy the Soul of African Unity, Somalia.
In an unprecedented manner, Soviet military assistants, Cuban brigades, and South Yemenite soldiers were urgently dispatched to save Africa’s most abominable political structure that under Third World Communism prolonged colonial times’ genocides.
Somalia, fighting against almost the entire world, lost the chance of liberating the Ogadeni Somalis and was forced to draw back to the partly ill-defined borders of 1960.
A generalized malaise was spread across Somalia in the aftermath of the 1977-78 war and during the 80s, not without a big amount of money spent by the colonial powers for bribes and corruption.
When in 1991 different military heads toppled President Mohammed Siyad Barre, they did not come up with a proper plan to form a government and thus control the entire country; this opened the way for foreign interference.
The colonial powers, England, France and America, and their regional tool, Ethiopia, along with the neocolonial state of Kenya, tried ceaselessly to interfere with Somali domestic affairs in order to make sure that they will create deliberate chaos, thus eliminating any further danger from Somalia.
The Somali nation was then deceived by the inexperienced leaders, either military strongmen or businessmen, who were easily bribed by foreign agents and diplomats and worsened the overall situation. Cooperating with the heinous anti-African colonial state of Abyssinia is an inexcusable mistake for a Somali politician and it is well known that Somalis value national pride, so they will never accept such politicians and puppets, who bow down in front of the Abyssinian tribal leaders only for some hundreds of thousands of dollars and for military assistance in their further division plans.
Following the collapse of Somalia as a sovereign state in 1991, the tribal dictators of Ethiopia, who have always kept in their minds a deep-seated anti-Somali hatred and a venomous rancor against Somalia due to the historical rivalry, took advantage of the situation and tried to dominate every political and social organization across Somalia. They use to handpick the leadership of any emerging political and social organization and even tribal chieftains.
To turn one tribe against the other, the Ethiopian agents and diplomats used the old adage of ‘divide et impera‘ (divide and rule), namely one chief against a would-be chief, a president against a prime minister, and so on.
Ethiopian agents do not interfere only in Somalia and the breakaway pseudo-states formed on national Somali territory, but also in Kenya’s provinces that are inhabited by Somalis, in Djibouti, and of course, in Occupied Ogaden.
The down-to-earth-reality is this: any Somali politician who does not have Ethiopia’s green light can’t run for any office. This vicious attitude and shameful policy has the support of the criminal Western colonials, England, France and America, the administrations that support Ethiopia’s interference with the Somali affairs.
It seems as if all Somali politicians are programmed to appease their traditional-foe, Ethiopia, and that without doing so, they can’t have any local, regional or national position across the country.
The only real exception in this obscure environment is made by the ONLF. The Ogaden National Liberation Front constitutes the only Somali institution that is free of Ethiopian interference and control. What happened over the past two months bears witness for this.
The Annual Convention of ONLF was held this year in London; the event took place in a hotel not far from the Ethiopian embassy in London, and it was attended by many liberation fronts and organizations that – like ONLF – struggle for the independence of their respective nations.
It is obvious that this was a deadly blow to the Ethiopian diplomacy and to their high cost-campaign against the Ogaden Diaspora over the past five years.
However, in spite of this success, the Ethiopian diplomacy tried to use a renegade who was sacked from the ONLF, a low reputation person named Salahud Haji Ibrahim Maow, as a propaganda tool and as a splinter group. Quite unfortunately for the colonial diplomats, Mr. Maow has no longer authority within the ONLF, and not one Ogadeni supports his evildoings. Mr. Maow played the ‘splinter group’ leader quite theatrically, when the Ethiopian state authorities welcomed him in Addis Ababa to sign a good-for-nothing peace accord with them on Oct 14, 2010. This was a staged managed event that did not gather any support among 8 millions of suffering, persecuted Ogadenis. As per the lies of this theatrical piece, Mr. Maow would be the Chairman of the majority ONLF group, while ONLF Chairman, Adm. Mohammed O. Osman would be the head of the minority splinter group – a sheer fancy.