Tag Archives: Villagization

Miracle or Mirage? Manufacturing Hunger and Poverty in Ethiopia

Executive Summary

As months of protest and civil unrest hurl Ethiopia into a severe political crisis, a new report from the Oakland Institute debunks the myth that the country is the new “African Lion.” The report exposes how authoritarian development schemes have perpetuated cycles of poverty, food insecurity, and marginalized the country’s most vulnerable citizens.

By Frederic Mousseau | Oakland Institute,

By In 2016, food crisis in Ethiopia once again topped the international headlines, with 18 million people reportedly requiring food assistance for survival. The food crisis has been widely attributed to climatic events resulting from El Niño, and presented as an exogenous incident in Ethiopia’s acclaimed economic miracle and double-digit growth rate.

This narrative is convenient for the Ethiopian government. For many years, the regime has used the argument of its economic success to counter the critics of its development strategy and repressive rule. It has labeled organizations such as the Oakland Institute as being ‘anti-development’ after they exposed the devastating impact of its policies on the livelihoods and basic human rights of millions, including many indigenous communities across the country. Continue reading Miracle or Mirage? Manufacturing Hunger and Poverty in Ethiopia

The Socio-Political and Governance Dimensions of Hunger: Exploring Ethiopia’s Crisis

Ethiopia’s hunger crisis is an emergency humanitarian issue meriting immediate attention and concern. But to fully understand the crisis it is imperative to recognize that besides the environment as an important contributing factor, structural socio-political and governance dynamics, including corruption, the lack of rule of law or democracy, poor governance, failures in long-term planning, and misplaced national and development priorities have influence on the current crisis.

By Fikrejesus Amahazion (PhD),

Food insecurity is one of the most pressing humanitarian issues in the Horn of Africa, and the situation is expected to deteriorate further over the coming months. Ethiopia, in particular, is faced with a massive crisis. According to the European Commission, “[t]he situation in Ethiopia is at present the most alarming, where the number of food insecure people has increased from 2.9 million at the beginning of the year to 8.2 million by early October. It is foreseen that these numbers will further rise up to 15 million by the end of 2015. Rates of acute under-nutrition are well above emergency thresholds in many parts of the country, while the response to this situation is hampered by an important shortage of nutrition supplies. In the worst affected areas in the Northern, Central and Eastern regions of the country hundreds of thousands of livestock deaths are reported.” Continue reading The Socio-Political and Governance Dimensions of Hunger: Exploring Ethiopia’s Crisis

Land Grabs in Ethiopia and the Legacy of Colonization in Congo

How real is Land Grabbing in Ethiopia? Over the past several years, for instance, the Ethiopian government has handed over 1.8 million hectares of farmland, a size equaling nearly 40% the total area of the principal grain-growing state of Punjab in India to Indian “investors” for 70 years. It also turned over 250,000 hectares of land to the Saudi Star Agriculture Development Company for peanuts. Selling hundreds of thousands of hectares of land in Gambella for $1 a year “lease” is a land giveaway fest of epic proportions. How about doing 815 huge land deals with foreign “investors” over a three year period without transparency, institutional mechanisms for accountability, environmental impact analysis and the forced removal of local resident from ancestral lands? That is not only land grabbing, it is also a gross violation of human rights. Truth be told, it is not just urban land and it is not just farmland but the whole of Ethiopia’s land that is on the chopping block!

By The Global African (TeleSUR),

THE government of Ethiopia is planning to give away some 7 million hectares of land resulting in the displacement of over 1.5 million people. On this episode of teleSUR’s original series, The Global African, host Bill Fletcher chats with executive director and founder of the Oakland Institute in California, Anuradha Mittal.  Continue reading Land Grabs in Ethiopia and the Legacy of Colonization in Congo

The Moral Bankruptcy of the World Bank in Ethiopia

Thousands of Ethiopia’s Anuaks in Gambella have been removed illegally from their ancestral homelands and left high and dry and twisting in the wind, courtesy and cash of the World Bank. The World Bank is party to the Crimes against Humanity in Ethiopia. Now we got it. We really do. The World Bank have to make Ethiopia report look good to make themselves look good.

By Alemayehu G. Mariam (PhD),

ETHIOPIANS have been the object of a cruel bureaucratic joke by the World Bank. Last week, an 81-page official investigative report surfaced online showing World Bank bureaucrats in Ethiopia have been playing  “Deception Games” of displacement, deracination, forced resettlement and a kinder and gentler form of ethnic cleansing  in the Gambella region of Western Ethiopia. Tens of thousands of Anuaks in Gambella have been removed illegally and in violation of policy from their ancestral homelands and left high and dry and twisting in the wind, courtesy and cash of the World Bank! Continue reading The Moral Bankruptcy of the World Bank in Ethiopia

UK Government Accused of Sponsoring Human Rights Abuses in Ethiopia

UK-and World Bank-funded development programme in Ethiopia found to be responsible for villagisation-related widespread abuses in Ethiopia resulting in destruction of livelihoods, forced displacement of minority ethnic groups (Anuaks) from their fertile lands and forests

By RT.com,

A DEVELOPMENT project funded by the UK government and run by the World Bank could be facilitating a violent resettlement program in Ethiopia that has been dogged by allegations of forced displacement, physical assaults and rape, a leaked report suggests.

Britain’s Department for International Development (DfID) is the primary sponsor of the World Bank’s foreign aid initiative, supposedly set up to improve basic health, education and public services in Ethiopia. It has attracted over £388 million in UK taxpayer’s money to date. Continue reading UK Government Accused of Sponsoring Human Rights Abuses in Ethiopia

U.S. Bans Financing for Activities in Lower Omo and Gambella Regions of Ethiopia

U.S. bans financing Ethiopia for activities in Lower Omo and Gambella regions that ‘directly or indirectly involve forced evictions

By Mursi Online (University of Oxford),

THE US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the UK Department for International Development (DFID) have always claimed that there is no evidence of ‘systematic’ human rights abuses being carried out by the Ethiopian government in pursuit of its development plans in the Lower Omo.

What these agencies mean by ‘human rights abuses’, when they make these claims, is not always specified, but they probably have in mind reports of rapes, beatings and arbitrary arrests by military personnel and police. Such events have almost certainly occurred (as the aid agencies seem tacitly to acknowledge) but they may or may not have been part of a ‘systematic’ policy of intimidation. Continue reading U.S. Bans Financing for Activities in Lower Omo and Gambella Regions of Ethiopia

Ethiopia: 2.7 Million People Facing Hunger

Why are Ethiopians starving Again? The answer rests on its successive autocratic rulers and tribalist leaders. Ethiopia today forced hundereds of thousands of Indigenous Peoples off their fertile lands to make way for foreign investors that came in to grow foodstuffs and bio-fuels for export. Having lost their land and their ability to produce their own food, the indigenous Peoples are being forced to become dependent on aid handouts.

By Addis Fortune,

ETHIOPIA finds itself in critical need of food aid in order to feed 2.7 million people. This announcement comes not long after its leaders were upbeat, reporting a bumper harvest of 231 million quintals of grain for the current fiscal year.

When donors and Ethiopian authorities met on January 24, 2014, to agree on the projection of the volume of humanitarian aid needed for 2014, the resultant crucial document – the joint Government and Humanitarian partners’ Document – showed that 2.7 million of the 91 million people in the nation, according to the latest estimate by the World Bank, are in need of humanitarian assistance.  Continue reading Ethiopia: 2.7 Million People Facing Hunger

Saudi Arabia Stakes a Claim on the Nile

After draining four-fifths of its massive underground aquifer for unsustainable agriculture, the Saudi Kingdom turns to verdant Ethiopia.

Papyrus reed boats cross the Blue Nile River in Ethiopia, where some people claim their water is being handed over to Saudi business interests.

By Fred Pearce (National Geography),

THIS piece is part of Water Grabbers: A Global Rush on Freshwater, a special National Geographic Freshwater News series on how grabbing land—and water—from poor people, desperate governments, and future generations threatens global food security, environmental sustainability, and local cultures.

The cows appear on the horizon like a mirage. Drive about a hundred miles (160 kilometers) through the Arabian Desert southeast from Riyadh, and you will come across one of the world’s largest herds of dairy cattle. Some 40,000 Friesian cows survive in one of the driest places on the planet, with temperatures regularly reaching 110°F (43°C).  Continue reading Saudi Arabia Stakes a Claim on the Nile